Black Swallow-wort Pod Patrol

UNWANTED!
BY FARMERS, GARDENERS, BUTTERFLIES & NATIVE PLANTS
THE BLACK SWALLOW-WORT

Black Swallow-work covering a chain link fence

Black Swallow-wort covering a chain link fence

Join the Pod Patrol!
Pluck pods in your neighborhood
 and share this information with
 your neighbors and friends!

About Black Swallow-wort

Beginning with shiny green leaves in pairs, purple star-shaped flowers and grappling spaghetti-like roots in summer, Black Swallow-wort becomes armed with seed pods resembling green chili peppers. This invasive vine threatens monarch butterflies and songbirds, and displaces native plant communities vital to insects, birds and other urban wildlife. Swallow-wort crowds out milkweed, the only plant where monarch butterflies lay eggs. Monarchs mistake the swallow-wort for the milkweed, lay their eggs there, and the larvae die.

Known to frequent chain-link fences, it is also found in woodlands, gardens and shrubs throughout Somerville and Cambridge neighborhoods – and its spreading fast!

Now that you know about it, you’ll probably start to notice it everywhere you go. While it is difficult to dig it out completely because of its extensive roots, pulling green seed pods before they turn brown and open up is one important thing we can do to control this invader. The seed pods become recognizable in June.

What can you do to help?

To prevent seeds inside pods from escaping and spreading to new areas.
Pick the pods, preferably while they are green, before they turn brown, open up, and release seeds. Put them in a tightly closed bag, and dispose of them in the trash.  Do not put pods into yard waste bags or in your compost!

If you find black swallow-wort on your own property. 
Dig up the plant with its entire root system, put it in a tightly closed bag, and dispose of it in the trash. Do not put into yard waste bags or in your compost! The roots will re-sprout, and seeds are not destroyed in composting operations.

Share this information with your neighbors and friends so they understand what a scourge this plant really is.

KNOW YOUR ENEMY!

Leaves: Shiny, green, come in pairs, quickly winding around fences and shrubs

Flowers: Small, purple, star-shaped

Roots: White and fleshy tentacles that break off easily

Seed Pods: Pull when pods are still slim, smooth and green – before they open

* Be careful pulling brown, papery pods that have already opened up -mature seeds easily escape!

The original Pod Patrol was created by the city of Cambridge.
Learn more at CambridgeMA.gov/podpatrol or Facebook.com/CambridgePodPatrol

More information: